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New Brunswick Critical Worker Pilot (Migration Guide)

Healthcare Worker

The New Brunswick Critical Worker Pilot is a targeted immigration initiative designed to address labor shortages in specific critical sectors within the province.

This program is part of Canada’s broader strategy to attract and retain skilled workers to meet the needs of its labor market, particularly in regions or industries experiencing significant gaps in workforce availability.

The pilot typically focuses on sectors deemed critical to the province’s economy and infrastructure, including healthcare, transportation, manufacturing, and other essential services.

The initiative aims to simplify and expedite the process for workers with the necessary skills to move to New Brunswick, offering them a pathway to permanent residency in Canada.

What is the New Brunswick Critical Worker Pilot and How Does It Work?

Candidates for the pilot program are required to meet specific eligibility criteria, including work experience in critical sectors, language proficiency, and adaptability factors, among others.

The program may also work closely with employers in New Brunswick to identify and nominate candidates who can fill job vacancies.

For the most current information, including eligibility criteria, application procedures, and sectors targeted by the New Brunswick Critical Worker Pilot, it’s best to consult official resources such as the Government of New Brunswick’s website or the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) website.

These sources will provide the latest details on the program, including any updates or changes to its structure and requirements.

How To Migrate To New Brunswick

Migrating to New Brunswick, Canada, involves a few pathways, each with its own set of requirements and processes. Here’s an overview of the primary immigration options:

Express Entry System

The Express Entry system is Canada’s primary way of managing applications for skilled workers who wish to become permanent residents. It includes three main programs:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Applicants are scored based on factors such as age, education, work experience, and language proficiency in English or French.

While not specific to New Brunswick, candidates can express their interest in the province in their profile, potentially increasing their chances of receiving a provincial nomination.

New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)

The NBPNP allows New Brunswick to nominate candidates for permanent residence who have skills and experience targeted by the province. It includes several streams:

  • Skilled Worker Stream: For individuals who have received a job offer from a New Brunswick employer.
  • Express Entry Labour Market Stream: For candidates in the federal Express Entry pool who have a connection to New Brunswick (e.g., work experience, education, or a job offer in the province).
  • Entrepreneurial Stream: For those who plan to start a business in New Brunswick.
  • Post-Graduate Entrepreneurial Stream: For international graduates from New Brunswick institutions who have started or bought a local business.

    Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP)

    Although it officially ended in December 2021, the AIPP was succeeded by the Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP), which continues to offer a pathway for skilled workers and international graduates who want to live and work in one of Canada’s Atlantic provinces, including New Brunswick.

    Employers in New Brunswick must be designated by the provincial government to hire through this program.

    Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP)

    While not specifically for New Brunswick, the RNIP is an initiative that aims to spread the benefits of economic immigration to smaller communities by creating a pathway to permanent residence for skilled foreign workers who want to work and live in one of the participating communities.


    International students who graduate from New Brunswick institutions may be eligible to apply for permanent residency through the Canadian Experience Class or a PNPs graduate stream, provided they meet the criteria.

    Steps to Migrate:

    • Assess Your Eligibility: Determine which immigration program fits your situation best.
    • Gather Documents: Prepare necessary documents such as language test results, educational assessments, work experience documents, and identity proofs.
    • Submit an Application: Depending on the pathway, you may need to apply through the Express Entry pool, directly to the NBPNP, or through an employer in New Brunswick.
    • Receive a Nomination or Invitation to Apply (ITA): For some programs, you’ll first need a nomination from New Brunswick or an ITA from the Canadian government.
    • Apply for Permanent Residence: If nominated or invited, submit your permanent residence application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).


    • Language Proficiency: Improve your English or French language skills, as it’s crucial for most immigration programs.
    • Connection to New Brunswick: Having a genuine connection to the province (e.g., job offer, work experience, or education) can enhance your application.
    • For the most accurate and updated information, always refer to the official websites of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and the New Brunswick government. Immigration policies and programs evolve, and it’s essential to have the latest information before proceeding with your application.

      Does New Brunswick Need Immigrants?

      Yes, New Brunswick, like many regions in Canada, recognizes the importance of immigrants in addressing labor shortages, supporting population growth, and enhancing the cultural diversity and economic development of the province.

      Immigrants play a crucial role in contributing to the local economy by filling gaps in the labor market, starting new businesses, and bringing innovative ideas and global connections.

      Several factors underline the need for immigrants in New Brunswick:

      Labor Market Needs

      New Brunswick faces labor shortages in various sectors such as healthcare, information technology, agriculture, and skilled trades.

      Immigrants with skills in these and other areas are essential for filling these gaps, ensuring that the province’s industries can continue to operate and grow.

      Population Growth

      Like many regions in Atlantic Canada, New Brunswick has an aging population and lower birth rates, leading to demographic challenges, including a shrinking workforce.

      Immigration is a key strategy for countering these trends by bringing in younger workers and their families, which helps sustain population levels and supports the social and economic infrastructure.

      Economic Development

      Immigrants contribute to economic development by increasing the labor force, contributing to tax revenues, and enhancing the province’s cultural diversity.

      They also play a significant role in entrepreneurship, starting businesses that create jobs and bring innovation to the local economy.

      Community Revitalization

      Immigrants help revitalize communities, especially in rural and smaller areas facing depopulation. By settling in these areas, immigrants can help sustain schools, businesses, and local services, contributing to the community’s vibrancy and sustainability.

      Cultural Diversity

      Immigrants enrich the cultural fabric of New Brunswick, bringing new perspectives, languages, and traditions. This diversity enhances the province’s cultural landscape, making it more inclusive and globally connected.

      Recognizing these benefits, New Brunswick actively participates in federal and provincial immigration programs, such as the New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP), Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP), and specific initiatives like the New Brunswick Critical Worker Pilot, aimed at attracting and retaining immigrants.

        The province’s efforts to welcome immigrants include not just pathways for entry and permanent residency but also programs and services to support their integration and settlement, ensuring they have the resources needed to thrive in their new home.

        Do You Need To Speak French To Work in New Brunswick?

        In New Brunswick, Canada’s only officially bilingual province, whether you need to speak French to work there can depend on several factors, including the nature of the job, the location within the province, and the employer’s requirements.

        Key Considerations:

        Bilingual Requirements

        Many public sector jobs and roles within the government may require proficiency in both English and French due to the province’s commitment to serving its population in both official languages.

        This can also apply to positions in education, healthcare, and customer service where serving a bilingual community is essential.

        Industry and Role

        For certain industries and roles, especially in the private sector, the language requirements will depend on the specific needs of the job.

        For instance, jobs in predominantly Anglophone or Francophone communities may require proficiency in English or French, respectively, while positions that involve dealing with a broader provincial, national, or international clientele might require bilingualism.


        New Brunswick has both predominantly Anglophone and Francophone regions. In Francophone areas, such as parts of the Northern and Eastern regions, French may be essential for employment and daily life. Conversely, in predominantly Anglophone areas, the necessity to speak French might be less pronounced, though still valued.

        Employer Preferences

        Some employers may prefer or require bilingual employees, even if the job itself does not strictly necessitate it, simply because it adds flexibility in serving a bilingual clientele or dealing with various stakeholders.

        Advantages of Bilingualism

        Being bilingual in New Brunswick is a significant asset and can open up more job opportunities, especially in sectors that serve the entire community or in roles that require interaction with both English-speaking and French-speaking populations.

        It can also be advantageous for career advancement and participation in the broader social and cultural life of the province.

        What Jobs Are In Demand in New Brunswick?

        In New Brunswick, the demand for specific jobs can vary based on the province’s evolving economic landscape, demographic changes, and sector-specific growth.

        Certain sectors consistently show a higher demand for skilled workers. Here are some of the job categories and sectors in New Brunswick where demand is notably high:


        • Nurses (Registered Nurses and Licensed Practical Nurses)
        • Personal Support Workers (PSWs)
        • Physicians
        • Specialists in various medical fields

        The healthcare sector is experiencing growth, driven by an aging population and the need for more comprehensive healthcare services.

        Information Technology

        • Software Developers
        • IT Project Managers
        • Network Administrators
        • Cybersecurity Specialists

        With the digital transformation of industries, there’s a growing demand for IT professionals across various sectors.

        Skilled Trades

        • Electricians
        • Carpenters
        • Welders
        • Mechanics

        Skilled tradespeople are crucial for construction, manufacturing, and maintenance across the province.


        • Teachers (particularly in French immersion and specialized subjects)
        • Early Childhood Educators

        Educational professionals are needed to address growing populations in certain areas and specialized educational programs.

        Manufacturing and Production

        • Process Engineers
        • Production Workers
        • Technicians

        Manufacturing remains a significant sector in New Brunswick, with a need for skilled workers to support its operations and growth.

        Transportation and Logistics

        • Truck Drivers
        • Logistics Coordinators

        As trade and commerce grow, so does the need for professionals to support the movement of goods.

        Business and Finance

        • Accountants
        • Financial Advisors
        • Human Resource Professionals

        Business services are essential for supporting the province’s economic infrastructure and growth.

        Tourism and Hospitality

        • Chefs and Cooks
        • Hotel Managers
        • Service Staff

        This sector varies seasonally but generally has a high demand, especially in tourist-frequented regions.

        Environmental and Natural Resources

        • Forestry Technicians
        • Environmental Engineers
        • Conservation Officers

        With its rich natural resources, New Brunswick requires professionals to manage and protect these assets sustainably.

        For the most current information on job demand in New Brunswick, it’s beneficial to consult resources like the New Brunswick government’s labor market information, job boards, and local news outlets.

        Additionally, the New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) and other immigration pathways often align with in-demand occupations, offering opportunities for skilled workers in these sectors.

        Can I Apply To New Brunswick Without Job Offer?

        Yes, it is possible to apply for immigration to New Brunswick without a job offer, although having one can enhance your application and increase your chances of success.

        The New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP) and other federal immigration pathways offer several streams that do not require a job offer:

        Express Entry Labour Market Stream

        This stream of the NBPNP is aligned with the federal Express Entry system and does not necessarily require a job offer. It targets skilled workers with the education, experience, and language ability to contribute to New Brunswick’s economy.

        Candidates must have a profile in the Express Entry system and indicate an interest in living and working in New Brunswick.

        Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP)

        Although the AIP typically requires a job offer from a designated employer in Atlantic Canada, it’s worth mentioning because it’s a significant pathway for immigration to New Brunswick.

        However, there are community-driven initiatives under the AIP that might facilitate job placements once you’ve shown an interest in a specific community.

        Express Entry System

        While not specific to New Brunswick, the federal Express Entry system allows skilled workers to apply for Canadian permanent residence without a job offer.

        The system includes three main programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and the Canadian Experience Class.

        If you have a high enough score based on factors like age, education, work experience, and language skills, you might receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residency without a job offer.

        Study Pathway

        Another route is through studying in New Brunswick. International students who graduate from eligible institutions in New Brunswick may apply for permanent residency through programs like the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP), which allows them to gain valuable Canadian work experience.

        This experience can significantly improve their chances of qualifying for permanent residence through programs like the Canadian Experience Class or NBPNP streams.

        Preparing for Application:

        Language Proficiency: Make sure you have valid language test results that demonstrate your proficiency in English or French.

        Education Credential Assessment (ECA): If you studied outside Canada, you might need an ECA to prove that your education is equivalent to Canadian standards.

        Express Interest in New Brunswick: Whether through Express Entry or other pathways, showing a genuine interest in living and working in New Brunswick can be beneficial. This could involve understanding the province’s economy, culture, and employment opportunities and potentially participating in exploratory visits or virtual events if available.