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Fredericton: Discovering New Brunswick’s Capital (Full Guide)


Nestled along the banks of the scenic Saint John River, Fredericton stands as the charming capital city of the province of New Brunswick.

With a rich history, vibrant culture, and a picturesque landscape, the capital attracts residents and visitors alike as well as excellent healthcare facilities.

History of Fredericton, New Brunswick

Fredericton, the capital city of the province, has a rich history that spans centuries.

Before European contact, the area now known as Fredericton was home to Indigenous peoples, including the Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) and Mi’kmaq. They lived along the Saint John River, relying on its resources for sustenance.

European exploration in the region began in the 17th century. The French explorer Samuel de Champlain visited the area in the early 1600s.

The region saw some Acadian settlements, though these were dispersed following the British expulsion of the Acadians in the mid-18th century.

Like Saint John, Fredericton owes its establishment to the arrival of United Empire Loyalists following the American Revolution.

In 1783, Loyalists, seeking refuge and new opportunities, settled along the Saint John River, and the area around present-day Fredericton became known as “Saint Anne’s Point.”

In 1785, due to its strategic location and as a compromise between competing factions of Loyalists, Saint Anne’s Point was chosen as the capital of New Brunswick. The city was renamed “Frederick’s Town” in honor of Prince Frederick, son of King George III.

Throughout the 19th century, Fredericton grew as an administrative and cultural center. It became a hub for government, education, and commerce. The construction of the Legislative Assembly building, completed in 1882, stands as a prominent example of 19th-century architecture.

The 19th century saw economic development in Fredericton, driven by industries such as lumbering, shipbuilding, and agriculture. The city’s role as the provincial capital contributed to its growth and prominence in the region.

Fredericton became known for its cultural and educational institutions. The University of New Brunswick (UNB), founded in 1785, is one of the oldest public universities in North America.

In the 20th century, Fredericton continued to evolve, with the expansion of educational and government facilities. The city has embraced modern industries, including technology and research.

What Is Size and Population of Fredericton NB?

Although Fredericton is the capital city of New Brunswick, it retains a small-town feel with 63,115 residents.

Despite being the capital, it is only the third biggest city behind Moncton and Saint John.

The compact city center, friendly atmosphere, and strong sense of community contribute to this perception.

However, the city also boasts modern amenities, cultural attractions, and educational institutions, offering residents the best of both worlds.

Fredericton NB Postal Code

Fredericton has multiple postal codes depending on the specific area or neighborhood.

  • E3A: This postal code area covers a large portion of Fredericton, including the downtown area.
  • E3B: This area includes parts of downtown Fredericton, the university area, and the northern part of the city.
  • E3C: This postal code covers the southern part of Fredericton, including residential neighborhoods.

Is Fredericton A Good Place To Live?

Fredericton is often considered a great place to live, offering a high quality of life, a strong sense of community, and beautiful natural surroundings.

The city’s affordability, coupled with its cultural and recreational opportunities, makes it an appealing choice for individuals and families alike.

It is home to a wide range of restaurants and bars for eating and socialising with of the friendliest people across Canada, as well as a huge choice of places to stay.

Is Fredericton Expensive To Live?

Compared to many larger Canadian cities, Fredericton tends to have a lower cost of living.

Housing, utilities, and everyday expenses are generally more affordable, making it an attractive option for those seeking a balance between quality of life and expenses.

Fredericton NB Real Estate Types & Prices

The average price of a single-family home in Fredericton is $290,900, according to the Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA), in October 2023.

The average price of an apartment price is $280,700.

The average price of homes overall in October 2023 was $290,500.

What is the Average Age In Fredericton?

Fredericton boasts a diverse demographic, including a mix of young professionals, families, and retirees.

The presence of the University of New Brunswick and other educational institutions contributes to a younger population, creating a dynamic and energetic community.

The average age of 41.7 tends to reflect this diversity.


What Is The Average Income In Fredericton, New Brunswick?

The average income is competitive at $43,009 according to, with a cost of living that allows for a comfortable lifestyle.

Employment opportunities in sectors such as government, education, and technology contribute to the city’s economic stability.

What Is The Crime Rate In Fredericton, NB?

Fredericton maintains a reputation for being a safe city. While crime rates can vary, the community-oriented atmosphere and efficient local law enforcement contribute to a generally low crime rate. Residents often enjoy a sense of security in their daily lives.

Fredericton Weather Yearly and Temperatures

Fredericton experiences a temperate climate with four distinct seasons:

Winter (December to February):

  • Winter temperatures in Fredericton can range from -15°C to 0°C (5°F to 32°F).
  • Snowfall is common, and the city may experience significant snow accumulation during the winter months.

Spring (March to May):

  • Spring temperatures start to rise, with daytime highs ranging from 5°C to 15°C (41°F to 59°F).
  • Spring is a transitional season with fluctuating weather, including rain and occasional snow.

Summer (June to August):

  • Summer in Fredericton is generally warm, with daytime temperatures ranging from 20°C to 30°C (68°F to 86°F).
  • July and August are the warmest months, and the city experiences the least amount of precipitation during this season.

Fall (September to November):

  • Fall temperatures start to cool down, with daytime highs ranging from 5°C to 20°C (41°F to 68°F).
  • Fall foliage is vibrant, and the region experiences crisp, cool weather.

Does Fredericton Get Hurricanes?

Situated inland, Fredericton is less prone to the direct impact of hurricanes compared to coastal areas.

While the region may experience some effects of hurricanes, such as heavy rain and gusty winds, they are typically less severe than in coastal cities.

The city’s inland location provides a degree of protection from the full force of tropical storms when it comes to the weather in New Brunswick.

What Language Is Spoken In Fredericton?

The primary language spoken is English. As part of the larger Canadian cultural mosaic, residents also value linguistic diversity, and various languages may be spoken in the community due to its multicultural makeup.

Do People Speak French In Fredericton?

While French is not as widely spoken in Fredericton as in some other parts of Canada such as Quebec province, there is a Francophone community in the city.

French immersion programs in schools and cultural events help maintain the presence of the French language.

How Many Chinese People Are In Fredericton?

While exact figures may vary, Fredericton has a diverse population that includes individuals of Chinese descent.

The city’s multicultural atmosphere welcomes people from various ethnic backgrounds, contributing to its rich tapestry of cultures.

What Is Fredericton Best Known For?

Fredericton is best known for its cultural vibrancy and historic charm.

The city is home to numerous museums, art galleries, and festivals that celebrate its heritage. Notable landmarks include the iconic Christ Church Cathedral and the historic Garrison District.

Additionally, Fredericton is recognized for its vibrant arts scene, with local artists contributing to the city’s unique atmosphere.

Why Is Fredericton So Important To Canada?

As the capital of New Brunswick, it plays a crucial role in the governance of the province. Fredericton’s historical significance adds to its importance in the Canadian narrative.

It is home to the provincial government and various institutions that contribute to the economic, cultural, and educational development of the region.

What Are Famous Attractions And Places Of Interest In Fredericton?

Fredericton boasts a variety of attractions and places of interest that cater to diverse interests. From historic landmarks to cultural hotspots and natural wonders, here are some of the must-visit places:

Historic Garrison District

The Historic Garrison District takes visitors on a journey through time. Featuring the iconic changing of the guard ceremony, this area includes the Guardhouse, Soldier’s Barracks, and the Officer’s Quarters, providing a glimpse into the military history.

Beaverbrook Art Gallery

For art enthusiasts, the Beaverbrook Art Gallery is a treasure trove. It houses an impressive collection of Canadian and international art, including works by renowned artists such as Salvador Dalí and J.M.W. Turner.

Christ Church Cathedral

A symbol of heritage, the Christ Church Cathedral is a stunning Gothic Revival-style cathedral. Visitors can appreciate its architectural beauty and explore the history within its walls.

Boyce Farmers Market

One of the oldest farmers’ markets in Canada, the Boyce Farmers Market is a bustling hub of activity. Open year-round, it offers fresh local produce, crafts, and a lively atmosphere.

Odell Park

Nature lovers will enjoy Odell Park, a sprawling urban green space with walking trails, a duck pond, and lush forests. It’s an ideal spot for picnics, hiking, and bird-watching.

Science East

Perfect for families and science enthusiasts, Science East is an interactive science center where visitors can engage in hands-on exhibits and experiments, making learning a fun experience.

UNB Woodlot

The University of New Brunswick Woodlot is a serene natural area featuring walking trails and interpretive signage. It provides a peaceful escape for those looking to connect with nature.

Officers’ Square

Located in the heart of the city, Officers’ Square is a historic focal point where various events and festivals take place. It’s also home to the Fredericton Region Museum.

Fredericton Botanic Garden

A relatively new addition, the Fredericton Botanic Garden showcases a diverse collection of plants in themed gardens, making it a delightful place for plant enthusiasts and those seeking a tranquil environment.

Harold Doherty Provincial Park

Situated along the Saint John River, this park offers a scenic riverside setting, picnic areas, and walking trails. It’s an excellent spot for relaxation and enjoying the natural beauty of the region.

Kings Landing

While technically located just outside the capital, Kings Landing is a living history museum that provides a captivating glimpse into 19th-century rural life in New Brunswick.


The annual three-day Frostival festival takes place every January or February as a celebration of Atlantic Canada’s winter. A variety of indoor and outdoor wintery experiences make this is a must visit.