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Moncton: Discovery New Brunswick’s Gem on the East Coast (Full Guide)


Moncton, New Brunswick, is nestled in the heart of the Maritime provinces and bordered by the picturesque Bay of Fundy.

The most populated city in the province, it is home to more than 70,000 people and attracts visitors with its unique blend of history, natural beauty and vibrant cultural offerings.

Moncton stands as a testament to New Brunswick’s maritime heritage, boasting a thriving maritime industry centered around its deep-water harbor.

The port city plays a pivotal role in shipping and trade, contributing significantly to the regional economy. Its strategic location at the “Hub of the Maritimes” earned it the nickname “The Railway City.”

History of Moncton, New Brunswick

Moncton boasts a rich, diverse and captivating history that weaves together tales of exploration, industry and community resilience that has shaped the city into the thriving cultural and economic hub it is today.

Long before the arrival of European settlers, the region now known as Moncton was home to Indigenous peoples, primarily the Mi’kmaq and Maliseet.

These First Nations communities, with deep connections to the land, navigated the rivers and forests, leaving an indelible mark on the landscape.

The 17th century witnessed the arrival of European explorers, and the French were among the first to establish a presence in the region. Acadian settlers, drawn by the fertile lands along the Petitcodiac River, began to establish homesteads and cultivate the fertile soil.

However, the peace was short-lived, as the region became a battleground during the conflict between the French and British colonial powers.

The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 resulted in British control of Acadia, leading to the expulsion of Acadian settlers, a tragic episode known as the Great Expulsion.

In the aftermath of the American Revolution in the late 18th century, a wave of Loyalist refugees sought sanctuary in British North America. The Petitcodiac River, with its strategic location, became a focal point for settlement.

In 1766, the community of Moncton was officially founded by Loyalists under the leadership of Colonel Robert Monckton, a British military officer. The town’s growth was fueled by its proximity to the river and its role as a transportation hub.

The 19th century marked a transformative period for the city, propelled by the arrival of the railway. In 1851, the European and North American Railway connected Moncton to the Intercolonial Railway, solidifying its position as a crucial transportation hub.

Industrialization followed, with factories, mills, and shipyards contributing to Moncton’s economic prosperity.

The city’s growth was further fueled by its role as a major transportation center and the establishment of the Moncton Stock Yard, solidifying its status as a regional economic powerhouse.

The 20th century brought both challenges, resilience and economic shifts, including the decline of the railway industry, posed obstacles. However, the city adapted, diversifying its economy to include sectors such as manufacturing, education, and healthcare.

The establishment of the Université de Moncton in 1963 added an academic dimension to the city, fostering cultural and intellectual growth.

Moncton emerged as a vibrant and multicultural community, welcoming newcomers and celebrating its linguistic diversity.

The city’s skyline is a blend of historic architecture and modern structures, reflecting its journey from a colonial settlement to a thriving urban center.

What Is Size and Population of Moncton NB?

Moncton is the largest city in New Brunswick, showcasing a perfect balance between urban amenities and small-town charm.

As of 2023, the city’s population stands at 72,571 including the City of Dieppe, placing it as a prominent hub between the bustling city of Saint John and the provincial capital, Fredericton.

The city’s central location makes it an ideal base for exploring the diverse landscapes of New Brunswick and neighboring provinces.

Moncton NB Postal Code

Moncton has multiple postal codes that correspond to different areas within the city. Postal codes typically begin with the letters “E1” followed by additional characters.

Is Moncton A Good Place To Live?

Moncton is known for its relatively low cost of living compared to larger Canadian cities, making it an attractive option for those seeking cost-effective living arrangements.

The city also has a friendly and close-knit community, and if you value a strong sense of community and enjoy engaging with your neighbors, you may find the city to be welcoming and supportive.

The city has a diverse economy with a focus on industries such as shipping, oil refining, manufacturing, and education. If your career aligns with these sectors or if you’re looking for a stable job market, Moncton could offer suitable opportunities.

With a range of cultural and recreational activities, the city hosts various festivals throughout the year, has cultural institutions like the Capitol Theatre and Resurgo Place, and offers outdoor activities in parks and natural areas.

With institutions like the University of Moncton, the city provides excellent educational opportunities for residents.

Is Moncton Expensive To Live?

Moncton’s charm extends beyond its scenic beauty, most notably because it offers an affordable cost of living compared to larger Canadian cities.

Housing costs, both for renting and purchasing, are notably more reasonable, making it an attractive option for those seeking a comfortable yet cost-effective lifestyle.

Moncton NB Real Estate Types & Prices

According to the Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA), the average price of a single-family home in Moncton is $344,300, reflecting 10.2% compared to the previous year.

The city’s real estate market presents diverse options, including apartments with an average price of $281,200 and townhouses or row houses at $255,300.

The overall average property price in Moncton is $341,000 in October 2023.

What is the Average Age In Moncton?

Moncton’s diverse demographic includes young professionals, families, retirees, and students attending local educational institutions such as Université de Moncton.

The average age of 41.9 is marginally younger than the national average.

What Is The Average Income In Moncton, New Brunswick?

The average income in Moncton is $42,900 per year or $22 per hour and enables residents to enjoy a comfortable lifestyle, even though it is slightly lower than the national average.

According to, entry-level positions start at $34,125 per year, while most experienced workers make up to $97,500 per year.

The city’s diverse economic base ensures a stable job market and ample career opportunities.

What Is The Crime Rate In Moncton, New Brunswick?

Moncton maintains a reputation for being a safe city, thanks to its community-oriented atmosphere and efficient local law enforcement.

While crime rates can vary, residents generally experience a sense of security in their daily lives.

Moncton Weather Yearly and Temperatures

Moncton experiences a maritime climate, characterized by relatively mild winters and cooler summers.

The city transitions through distinct seasons – Winter (December-February), Spring (March-May), Summer (June-August), and Fall (September-November) and has a standard New Brunswick weather pattern.

Winter (December to February):

  • Winter in Moncton is characterized by cold temperatures and occasional snowfall.
  • Average daytime temperatures range from -3°C to -9°C (26°F to 16°F).
  • January tends to be the coldest month, with temperatures occasionally dropping below -10°C (14°F).

Spring (March to May):

  • Spring brings milder temperatures and the gradual melting of snow.
  • Average daytime temperatures range from 2°C to 15°C (36°F to 59°F).
  • May marks the transition to warmer weather, with temperatures reaching double digits more consistently.

Summer (June to August):

  • Summer in Moncton is generally mild, with warm temperatures.
  • Average daytime temperatures range from 19°C to 26°C (66°F to 79°F).
  • July and August are the warmest months, with occasional hot days reaching above 30°C (86°F).

Fall (September to November):

  • Fall is characterized by cooler temperatures and the changing colors of the foliage.
  • Average daytime temperatures range from 7°C to 18°C (45°F to 64°F).
  • September is still relatively mild, while November sees a gradual decrease in temperatures.

Does Moncton Get Hurricanes?

While Moncton is not immune to the impacts of tropical storms, the frequency and intensity of hurricanes are generally lower compared to regions further south along the Atlantic seaboard.

What Language Is Spoken In Moncton?

The primary language spoken in Moncton is English, aligning with New Brunswick’s status as an officially English-speaking province.

However, Canada‘s bilingual identity means that both English and French are recognized at the federal level.

Do People Speak French In Moncton?

Yes. French is spoken by some residents of Moncton.

While French is less common in Moncton compared to areas with a higher percentage of French speakers, such as New Brunswick’s neighbor Quebec, the city embraces cultural diversity, reflecting the broader Canadian ethos.

What Are Famous Attractions And Places Of Interest In Moncton?

Magnetic Hill

Experience the fascinating Magnetic Hill, where a gravity-defying optical illusion makes it appear as if cars roll uphill on their own. It’s a unique and entertaining stop for the whole family.

Centennial Park

Centennial Park is a sprawling urban park offering a variety of activities. Enjoy walking and biking trails, a large playground, a boating pond, and in winter, there’s even a popular outdoor skating rink.

Moncton Museum

Delve into the history of Moncton at the Moncton Museum. Exhibits cover a range of topics, including the city’s railway history, Acadian heritage, and local culture.

Capitol Theatre

The Capitol Theatre is a beautifully restored venue that hosts a variety of performances, including concerts, plays, and cultural events. Check the schedule for upcoming shows during your visit.

Magnetic Hill Zoo

The Magnetic Hill Zoo is a family-friendly attraction with a focus on conservation and education. Explore exhibits featuring animals from around the world, and learn about wildlife preservation efforts.

Resurgo Place

Discover the story of Moncton at Resurgo Place, an interactive museum that showcases the city’s history through engaging exhibits. It’s a great place to explore with both adults and children.

Tidal Bore Park

Experience the natural phenomenon of the tidal bore at Tidal Bore Park. Watch as the Petitcodiac River’s tide reverses direction, creating waves and rapids.

TreeGO Moncton

For those seeking adventure, TreeGO Moncton offers an exhilarating treetop obstacle course. It’s a great outdoor activity for both thrill-seekers and families.

Jones Lake Trail

Nature enthusiasts will enjoy the Jones Lake Trail, a scenic hiking trail that offers beautiful views of the lake and surrounding forest. It’s a peaceful escape within the city.

Uptown Moncton

Explore the Uptown area of Moncton, known for its charming streets, boutique shops, and a variety of restaurants and cafes. Market Square is a historic area with shops and dining options.

Hopewell Rocks

While not directly in Moncton – it is about a 1.5-hour drive away, the Hopewell Rocks are a must-see and among the best things to do in New Brunswick. Witness the highest tides in the world and explore the unique rock formations at low tide.